September 13, 2012
Astana, 12 September 2012 – The results of Multi–Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS-4) of households in Kazakhstan have been presented today in the Senate (upper chamber) of Kazakh Parliament. MPs, representatives of the Government, non-governmental and international organizations took part in the discussion of the results of MICS survey which was conducted for the second time in Kazakhstan.
Chair of the Committee for Social and Cultural Development of the Senate Akhan Bizhanov focused on the peculiarities of this survey which gave a full picture about the state of children and women in Kazakhstan. He emphasized the importance of the wide range of issues covered by MICS such as health, education, nutrition, infant and child mortality, sanitary living conditions, the rights of women and children and domestic violence for the successful realization of social modernization programmes in Kazakhstan. The Senate assessed the MICS as a strong and comprehensive study and expressed the hope that Kazakhstan will continue conducting next rounds of MICS.
According to MICS, the literacy coefficient of Kazakhstan’s population is one of the highest among the CIS countries (99.8%). A positive trend can be also seen in the growth of immunization coverage of children and frequent use of iodinated salt. However, the MICS-4 in Kazakhstan has revealed issues of inequity in a wide range of socio-economic aspects of life of households.
«From this survey we have learned that U5 mortality is 27 per 1000 kids among the richest quintile of the population, and 40 among the poorest quintile. This means that the poorest families are worst off when it comes to their child survival under 5 years old as compared to the richest families. Another example, the infant mortality rate is 16 per 1000 live births among mothers with higher education is, and 30 per 100 live births among mothers with secondary education. Therefore, mothers with secondary education twice as likely to have a child die before he turns 1 year as compared to mothers with higher education level. The growing disparities among population which make the poorest group even more vulnerable need to be addressed. In overcoming these challenges MICS data can become a useful resource for the government, NGOs and all those who are interested in social and economic state of the society”, said Deputy of Representative of UNICEF said Radoslaw Rzehak at the presentation.
»We also mark yet another example of a fruitful collaboration between Kazakhstan and the United Nations agencies present in the country. This collaboration shows that the UN could do relevant work even in stable, rapidly developing, upper middle income countries like Kazakhstan. Most importantly, we mark a significant contribution to the knowledge on the situation of women and children in Kazakhstan, ” said at the presentation Nikolai Botev, the Director of UNFPA Sub-Regional Office for Central Asia and Country Director for Kazakhstan.
The latest MICS in Kazakhstan was held by the Agency of Statistics of Republic of Kazakhstan with the support from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The first MICS in Kazakhstan was held in 2006.
UNICEF supports countries to collect data on the situation of children and women through the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey programme. Since the initiation of the programme, four rounds of surveys have been carried out (1995, 2000, 2005–6 and 2009–2011). Each round of surveys builds upon the last and offers new indicators to monitor current priorities in addition to monitoring trends. MICS is specially designed to collect statistically sound, internationally comparable data on child-related indicators that are used by countries to assess the situation of children and women in the areas of education, health, gender equality, rights and protection, and to provide the data required to monitor the progress towards national and international goals and targets aimed at promoting the welfare of children.